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COLENSO BOOKS: A selection of titles

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Thursday, 31 May 2018

Paxos 2018, Music - Art - Culture; Events; Paxos, Greece

From Friends of Paxos

Other 'news' :

Corfu Mayor: A matter of days for the waste to be removed from Paxos, Enimerosi, 12 January, 2018

Ακόμα σιγοκαίνε τα σκουπίδια στη χωματερή των Παξών, 2 June, 2018, enimerosi

Paxos rubbish tip still smouldering, enimerosi, 3 June, 2018

Meanwhile, in Poole, Dorset:

Waste fire burns at Poole industrial estate, BBC News, 6 June, 2018

Oxford’s Wadham College: Diversity drives standards up (The Guardian)

Oxford’s Wadham College: Diversity drives standards up, not down, Richard Adams, The Guardian

"Wadham’s commitment can be measured in the 68% of state school students it admits".

Κέρκυρα: Ψεκασμοί και ασβέστης στα «βουνά» των απορριμμάτων: Sprays and Lime for Corfu's Rubbish Mountains

Κέρκυρα: Ψεκασμοί και ασβέστης στα «βουνά» των απορριμμάτων, May 30, Corfu TV News

"In addition to the intense odours, there is also a danger to Public Health everywhere, due to the high temperatures of the last few days.

See the photographs: in some areas the garbage has been covered with lime; it's not known whether it was put there by residents or by the municipality.

The Mayor of Corfu, Costas Nikolouzos, in yesterday's press conference mentioned the sprays that are going to be applied in areas where there are large amounts of litter to ensure the Public Health of Corfiots and visitors".

"Πνιγμένη είναι η Κέρκυρα από τα απορρίμματα" - "Corfu scarred, drowning in garbage".

Right now, I'm glad to be leaving the island; I'll come back in two weeks to see if the situation has improved and if the appalling piles of rubbish have been cleared. It's a tragedy.

Previous posting

Bad news from Paxos (Enimerosi):

Fire at the Paxos rubbish dump

Wednesday, 30 May 2018

Lament from Epirus: Christopher King's Book Is Available!

Now published in the USA:

Lament from Epirus: An Odyssey into Europe’s Oldest Surviving Folk Music

Christopher C. King. Norton, $29.95 (272p) ISBN 978-0-393-24899-9
From Oxford American - Chris King in conversation with Maxwell George - WHAT IT IS WE CHOOSE TO LISTEN TO AND WHAT IT DOES TO US

A review

Embassy of Greece, Washington DC
Newsmaker of the Month: Christopher C. King, Author, Producer and Musicologist

Podcast, An Epirotic Odyssey

The American Scholar article

Greek Islands: Garbage Collection, 1960; George Johnston, Hydra

They seem to have got their priorities right on the island of Hydra in the late 1950's and early 60's.

I've just read George Johnston's opening line of "Closer to the Sun":

"The most important man on the island of Silenos was Dionysios, the public garbage collector".

Johnston goes on: "The garbage man...was important every day of the year to one section of the town or another. For without his high-wheeled cart and his string of basket-burdened donkeys, and, most important of all, his goodwill, how was the rubbish of the town to be carted away in conformity with the proclaimed and printed order of Lieutenant Fotis, the police commandant, that streets, walls, and courtyards should be kept clean and all houses in a state of reputable whitewash?"

At the end of the novel, we discover where all the garbage went...into the sea:

"The Twelve Apostles made the last turn around the buoy, and its bow was lifting and falling now in a slow, graceful dance to the run of the clear gulf seas...the wake of the boat had come in and slapped quick waves around the base of the rock chute, where Dionysios had been emptying the garbage down from the high houses in the pannier-baskets of his donkeys."

From Beverley Farmer, White Friday

"And this is Greece, yes avalanche of rotting rubbish poured down to a gulf like a slit in the sky with a rowing boat anchored".

From Charmian Clift, Peel Me a Lotus (1959):

"It is a rare thing to capture the old magic. The iron net with its clanging drums...has made a sort of trap in front of the cave, and the municipal garbage, which is dumped into the sea near the town, drifts down on the current and is captured inside the net, Often one swims, if one can, through decaying melon rinds, rotten tomatoes, cigarette butts, torn paper of all-too-obvious origin, and dubious rubber objects. On slaughtering days the place becomes a horror, for the intestines and offal from the slaughtered goats, sheep, and bulls also drift to the net and for days hang there rotting in obscene festoons...Across the bland blue water a flotilla of tin cans and vegetable peelings bobs purposefully towards the cave".

1969 edition

Thomas Hardy, William Barnes and the Sea; Dorset

A new article on the William Barnes Society website

"I've been thinking for some time how little Barnes wrote about the sea or the Dorset coast. Thomas Hardy wrote much more. Barnes was always more fascinated and inspired by 'the sounds of flowing water', by rivers, brooks and streams, as well as by mills and water lilies - and of course by the countryside around the Blackmore Vale. He writes affectionately of the Stour and the Frome, the Lydden and Caundle Brook".

Tuesday, 29 May 2018

Plastic pollution and plastic waste - possible solutions; Toxic Air; Farm Slurry Spills, UK

BBC iPlayer (Radio 4): Plastic Fantastic, What's the Solution?

"The solutions to the problem of plastic pollution and plastic waste lie in many directions. A global plan to stop littering will go a long way. But human behaviour change often needs some economic intervention. One idea by the UK government and many others around the world, is to give a little financial incentive in the form of deposits on plastic bottles, or taxation on single use plastic like coffee cups, food wrapping and plastic bags. Mark Miodownik investigates some of the scientific solutions such as alternatives to petrochemical plastic using microbes or plant materials, clever waste sorting technologies to help make the process easier, even using less plastic. And he hopefully untangles some of the confusing messages about plastic and comes up with ways to be plastic smart".

Other environmental problems; toxic air pollution, Ian Whitwham in SecEd

"Why was nothing done about it? Why were the effects of lead unacknowledged?"

River and watercourse pollution - farm slurry storage spills, Farming Today, BBC Radio 4, iPlayer

"Storing manure and farm waste near rivers and water courses is being questioned by a dairy specialist. Dr Partha Ray from Reading University's School of Agriculture has investigated the impact that livestock farming has on the environment. It comes as an investigation is underway into a pollution spill in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland which has seen 100,000 gallons of slurry escape, leading to the death of fish on a 15 mile stretch of river".

In a Large Colony of the EU...

For those who talk about Brussels' 'vassal states' and a 'colonial settlement'.

Two extracts from a poem by C. P. Cavafy

From In a Large Greek Colony, 200 B.C.

That things in the Colony are not what they should be
no one can doubt any longer,
and though in spite of everything we do go forward,
maybe—as more than a few believe—the time has come
to bring in a Political Reformer....

Maybe the moment has not yet arrived.
Let’s not be too hasty: haste is a dangerous thing.
Untimely measures bring repentance.
Certainly, and unhappily, many things in the Colony are absurd.
But is there anything human without some fault?
And after all, you see, we do go forward.

Translated by Edmund Keeley/Philip Sherrard.
(C.P. Cavafy, Collected Poems. Translated by Edmund Keeley and Philip Sherrard. Edited by George Savidis. Revised Edition. Princeton University Press, 1992)

Extracts from the Rae Delven translation

Perhaps the moment has not yet arrived.
Let us not hurry: speed is a dangerous thing.
Untimely measures bring repentance.
Certainly, and unhappily, many things are wrong in the Colony,
But is there anything human without imperfection?
And, after all, look, we do go forward.

Εν μεγάλη Eλληνική αποικία, 200 π.X

Ότι τα πράγματα δεν βαίνουν κατ’ ευχήν στην Aποικία
δεν μέν’ η ελαχίστη αμφιβολία,
και μ’ όλο που οπωσούν τραβούμ’ εμπρός,
ίσως, καθώς νομίζουν ουκ ολίγοι, να έφθασε ο καιρός
να φέρουμε Πολιτικό Aναμορφωτή....

Ίσως δεν έφθασεν ακόμη ο καιρός.
Να μη βιαζόμεθα· είν’ επικίνδυνον πράγμα η βία.
Τα πρόωρα μέτρα φέρνουν μεταμέλεια.
Έχει άτοπα πολλά, βεβαίως και δυστυχώς, η Aποικία.
Όμως υπάρχει τι το ανθρώπινον χωρίς ατέλεια;
Και τέλος πάντων, να, τραβούμ’ εμπρός.

Update: A Colonial Settlement?

“Brexiteers, bring out your black suits of mourning. Grieve with private dignity. The quixotic bid for British independence has failed.

There will be no return to full sovereign and democratic self-rule in March 2019, or after the transition, or as far as the political eye can see. Britain will be bound and hemmed until the latent contradictions of such a colonial settlement cause a volcanic national uprising, as they surely must.

The Westminster class is edging crablike towards a double embrace of the EU single market and the customs union, the full EU package but without a veto in the European Council, or Euro-MPs with heft in the dominant blocs of Strasbourg, or judges on the European Court...”

Thursday, 24 May 2018

Somerset: The Transformation of Hadspen House

South African owner to transform Hadspen House in Somerset into hotel, The Caterer

"The Grade II-listed house and estate are set to be restored and transformed into a hotel with around 30 to 35 bedrooms, a spa and a visitor centre, which will also feature an 80-cover restaurant using fresh produce from the kitchen garden, a 70-80-cover café, pool, farm shop and cider mill...The planning application reads: “The aspiration is to create a high quality environment which will enable the historic park, gardens and buildings to be accessible to the public and to accommodate up to 100,000 visitors per year".

George Eliot: How Others See Us; What Our Friends And Neighbours Think Of Us

"What mortal is there of us, who would find his satisfaction enhanced by an opportunity of comparing the picture he presents to himself of his own doings, with the picture they make on the mental retina of his neighbours? We are poor plants buoyed up by the air-vessels of our own conceit: alas for us, if we get a few pinches that empty us of that windy self-subsistence! The very capacity for good would go out of us. For, tell the most impassioned orator, suddenly, that his wig is awry, or his shirt-lap hanging out, and that he is tickling people by the oddity of his person, instead of thrilling them by the energy of his periods, and you would infallibly dry up the spring of his eloquence. That is a deep and wide saying, that no miracle can be wrought without faith--without the worker's faith in himself, as well as the recipient's faith in him. And the greater part of the worker's faith in himself is made up of the faith that others believe in him.

Let me be persuaded that my neighbour Jenkins considers me a blockhead, and I shall never shine in conversation with him any more. Let me discover that the lovely Phoebe thinks my squint intolerable, and I shall never be able to fix her blandly with my disengaged eye again. Thank heaven, then, that a little illusion is left to us, to enable us to be useful and agreeable--that we don't know exactly what our friends think of us--that the world is not made of looking-glass, to show us just the figure we are making, and just what is going on behind our backs! By the help of dear friendly illusion, we are able to dream that we are charming and our faces wear a becoming air of self-possession; we are able to
dream that other men admire our talents--and our benignity is undisturbed; we are able to dream that we are doing much good--and we do a little".

Sidmouth Smiling

Wednesday, 23 May 2018

Report fly-tipping in Dorset; Fly-Tipping Scourge in England; Waste Dumping; Walsall

Fly-tipping is the illegal dumping of waste on any land. Report it!

Fly-tipping is on the increase in England | ITV News (YouTube video; filming with the fly-tipping squad).

"Fly-tipping is on the increase in England with hard-pressed councils facing bigger clean-up bills but spending less on tackling those responsible. Government figures show last year there were 675,000 incidents of household waste being illegally dumped in England. ITV's Consumer Editor Chris Choi reports from Walsall on the growing scourge".

The story of Dorchester Radio Station's iconic antennas (Dorset Echo, Book Review)

From Dorset Echo

"Dorchester Radio Station was built in 1925 and began operations in 1927, providing a global telegraph network via the Marconi company. The station was an important part of Marconi's network of beam wireless stations".

Point to Point - A History of International Radio Telecommunications during the Radio Years, by Paul Michael Hawkins

Lee Durrell on Corfu and Erimitis; Gerald Durrell

"Gerald Durrell’s widow: my family and other animals fear for Corfu". Her late husband, Gerald, recoiled as ‘carbuncles’ sprouted on his island haven. Now Lee Durrell pleads against a huge development, Sign in to The Times to read more

"The clock cannot be turned back, no matter how hard we try, but the exigencies of modern times can be challenged, especially as we learn from our mistakes. Corfiots, other Greeks and foreigners who love the island have learnt that uncontrolled and insensitive development has taken a serious toll on Corfu and its environment. We also know short-term gain by the few at the expense of the many is not acceptable in a small island community. Many in Corfu and elsewhere have already raised their voices against the development of Erimitis. We should continue to do so loudly until the situation is resolved in favour of Corfu and no one will ever turn their back, muttering “carbuncles”, on the enchanting headland of the Hermit".


A libation of Durrells, Richard Pine, Times Literary Supplement, May 23, 2018

Log in to read the full article or see the print edition of May 23.

"Corfiots have mixed feelings about both the Durrell legacy and the television series. They continue to take pride in the fact that Corfu is famous today as a cultural and ecological wonderland, because of the Durrells’ writings. But they are ambivalent about the benefits of tourism relative to its gradual erosion of that culture and natural beauty. One of Gerald’s old haunts, the pristine headland of Eremitis, has been acquired by the US-based NCH Capital Inc which plans to build a resort with 1,000 beds, condominium villas, a shopping mall and a marina. The beauty which tourists pay to enjoy will actually be sited beneath the concrete on which they place their sunloungers". May 22.

Revising for GCE 'O' Level: Julius Caesar, William Shakespeare; BBC Radio 4

Well, it felt like that. All the characters and the big lines came back to me. Unforgettable!

I was driving home from Castle Cary, Somerset, this afternoon, when I tuned into BBC Radio 4 and caught episode 2 of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar.

I'd forgotten how powerful the play can be when well produced and acted, as this radio adaptation proved to be. Brilliant! Compelling listening. It was directed by March Beeby.

I wish I'd had a recording of this production when I was studying the play for GCE 'O' Level English back in Bruton and Castle Cary all those years ago.

Episode Two -  the plot against Caesar reaches crisis point as the conspirators gather at the Capitol in Rome.

Episode One - Cassius persuades Brutus that Caesar's ambition is a threat to the republic and a conspiracy is formed.

Episode Three (of 3) 

It's even better in the car.

Marlon Brando as Mark Antony

The Ancient Theatre at Philippi

Related, King Lear, for four weeks only, BBC 4, iPlayer

There is a tide in the affairs of men

As a schoolboy I had to study Shakespeare,
Julius Caesar, the set book for exams.
I remember seeing Brando in the film, 
The way he drawled out 'Fie-li-pie'
And shattered sense of accent and of place.

Philippi, Filippi or Fie-li-pie.

I stand here on the battleground itself…
- As Brutus to the ghost of Caesar,
So I to the ghost of Brutus say:
"Why, I will see thee at Philippi, then".
("Aye, at Philippi").

Byron in Zitsa: Greek Translation of Childe Harold's Pilgrimage (1895)

From the 1895 Collected Works of Byron, in Greek (Volume 1), Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, Canto II, translated by G. Politis

Saturday, 19 May 2018

Greek-British cooperation in education

From eKathimerini

"Ambassador Kate Smith noted that 11,000 Greeks are studying in Britain today and that there are about 300,000 alumni of British universities in Greece".

"The message of the forum was that as Greece and Britain move toward a new era in relations, both countries need to strengthen cooperation and that there are opportunities for this. Despite – or because of – Brexit there could be similar potential for mutual gains in the sciences and culture, in health, shipping, defense, banking, trade, real estate management, and many, many more sectors".

Dorset Landscape Photography; Windrose Media Trust Archive Films and Audio

From YouTube/Windrose Rural Media Trust

From the same source:

Bridport and West Bay, Margery Hookings

Close Encounters Media Trail

Reflections on West Bay (audio)

A New Blues

An old Helen Humes blues from 1938, new to me (I've never listened to Helen Humes before):

Count Basie (feat. Helen Humes) – Blues with Helen; Lester Young on clarinet

Another track with a Helen Humes vocal and a Lester Young solo:

Between The Devil And The Deep Blue Sea (1939)

They Raided The Joint (1947)

Million Dollar Secret (1950)

Helen Humes' later R 'n' B style- I'm gonna let him ride

Married Man Blues

Sneaking Around With You

Friday, 18 May 2018

Train Your Brain: Learn a language - Delay dementia

Whether you learn to play a musical instrument or speak another language, you’re training your brain to be more efficient, suggests a Baycrest study.

Different neural activities support auditory working memory in musicians and bilinguals, The New York Academy of Sciences (abstract)

"Musical training and bilingualism benefit executive functioning and working memory (WM)"

Learning a language or playing an instrument can ‘make brain more efficient and slow dementia onset’, inews

“These findings show that musicians and bilinguals require less effort to perform the same task, which could also protect them against cognitive decline and delay the onset of dementia.”
Dr. Claude Alain

Waste Management for Small Islands; Some Guidelines and Case Studies

The Answer for Remote Islands, Waste Management World

"SITA's waste to energy plant on the Isle of Man handles all of the island's waste and exports 5 MW to the grid - around 10% of the islands needs".

"In the past there have been plenty of examples of inappropriate waste management on small or remote islands, with very little attempt at adopting a sustainable approach that protects the local environment. On many small remote islands across Europe – and across the globe – indiscriminate dumping of waste was often the norm, with open burning and sometimes the tipping of the residue in a remote corner of the island. For example, for many years on the Greek island of Santorini waste was tipped over a high cliff. However this is no longer practiced and great strides have been made across many of the Greek islands in addressing these issues".

"Population critical - There are examples of larger islands having the capacity to develop modern facilities, and to attract the investment required to do so. Two recent examples include the Isle of Man (population of 85,000) and Jersey (population of 98,000), both of which have state-of-the-art waste to energy facilities in place. A third example is the Western Isles (population of 26,000) off the north-western coast of Scotland, where a new integrated waste treatment facility has fairly recently been commissioned".

Could Corfu learn from the Isle of Man or from Jersey?

Codes of Practice for Waste Management on Islands, EU manual (pdf)

Cayman Islands Garbage Disposal Guidelines

Solid Waste Management in Small Island Destinations, Teoros

Waste Management on Bermuda

"The primary role of incineration in Bermuda's waste management plan is to reduce the volume of combustible waste by up to 90% to minimize the reliance on land filling as the primary means of solid waste disposal. A secondary and important function of the facility is to extract energy from the gasses to produce electricity for the facility and to export to the local power company (BELCO) grid".

Anaerobic digestion


Rainbarrow Farm, Poundbury - biogas produced by anaerobic digestion

BEST PRACTICE EXAMPLE of an existing bio-methane gas grid injection plant  (pdf)

Anaerobic Digestion – production of biogas

"In the biogas plant, the energy is harvested as biogas and used as a fuel for a biogas engine which produces electricity and heat. Alternatively, the biogas could also be fed into a natural gas grid or be used as a vehicle fuel".

Poundbury Camp in context 

Poundbury Camp in Context—a new Perspective on the Lives of Children from urban and rural Roman England, Anna Rohnbogner and Mary Elizabeth Lewis (pdf)



The current understanding of child morbidity in Roman England is dominated by studies of single sites/regions. Much of the data are derived from third to fifth century AD Poundbury Camp, Dorchester, Dorset, considered an unusual site due to high levels of non‐adult morbidity. There is little understanding of children in rural areas, and whether Poundbury Camp was representative of Romano‐British childhood.

Materials and methods

The study provides the first large scale analysis of child health in urban and rural Roman England, adding to the previously published intra‐site analysis of non‐adult paleopathology at Poundbury Camp. Age‐at‐death and pathology prevalence rates were reassessed for 953 non‐adults (0–17 years) from five major urban, six minor urban, and four rural sites (first to fifth century AD). The data were compared to the results from 364 non‐adults from Poundbury Camp.


Rural sites demonstrated higher levels of infant burials, and greater prevalence of cribra orbitalia in the 1.1–2.5 year (TPR 64.3%), and 6.6–10.5 year cohorts (TPR 66.7%). Endocranial lesions were more frequent in the minor urban sample (TPR 15.9%). Three new cases of tuberculosis were identified in urban contexts. Vitamin D deficiency was most prevalent at Poundbury Camp (CPR 18.8%), vitamin C deficiency was identified more frequently in rural settlements (CPR 5.9%).


The Poundbury Camp data on morbidity and mortality are not representative of patterns in Roman England and other major urban sites. Rural children suffered from a distinct set of pathologies described as diseases of deprivation, prompting reconsideration of how Romano‐British land management affected those at the bottom of the social hierarchy".

some LANDSCAPES, Ideas for Sculpture in a Setting

Always interesting, this landscape blog by Plinius/Andrew Ray.

Thursday, 17 May 2018

Greece: Bailout Review Obstacles

From eKathimerini

Thatched Round Huts Across the Ages (Maiden Castle and Ankobar, Ethiopia); Early Domestic Architecture

I was once given four magnificent plates from Johann Martin Bernatz's Scenes in Ethiopia Designed from Nature, With Descriptions of the Plates and Extracts from a Journal of travel in that Country 

Detail from Plate 32, The Highlands of Shoa
Interior of the Town of Ankobar, and view of Mount Emmamret.

When walking on Maiden Castle, Dorset, this morning, I came across some new English Heritage signs with illustrations depicting how the round huts of the Iron Age inhabitants probably looked.

"Inside the hill forts, families lived in round houses. These were simple one-roomed homes with a pointed thatched roof and walls made from wattle and daub (a mixture of mud and twigs). In the centre of a round house was a fire where meals were cooked in a cauldron. Around the walls were jars for storing food and beds made from straw covered with animal skins".

BBC (above)

Club Med, Dassia, Corfu, 1960s:

From 'Kerkyra' (above).

From Facebook

Μανόλης Καλομοίρης - ΜΑΓΙΟΒΟΤΑΝΑ (Magic Herbs/Herbs of May) - Ο ΔΙΓΕΝΗΣ ΑΚΡΙΤΑΣ - Δάφνη Ευαγγελάτου

From YouTube: Σουίτα Για Φωνή Και Ορχήστρα Σε Ποίηση Κωστή Παλαμά 

Ερμηνεία : Δάφνη Ευαγγελάτου, mezzo-soprano 


 Διεύθυνση : Yoshikazu Tanaka Ζωντανή Ηχογράφηση στο Τόκιο, 30 Απριλίου 1987. 

1 .- ΠΡΕΛΟΥΔΙΟ (1914) 00:00 
2 .- ΜΙΑ ΝΕΡΑΙΔΑ Μ' ΕΓΕΝΝΗΣΕ (1912) 02:31
3 .- Η ΓΡΙΑ ΖΩΗ (1908) :00 
4 .- ΣΤΕΚΕΙ ΤΟ ΒΑΣΙΛΟΠΟΥΛΟ (1912) 08:02 
5 .- Η ΜΑΥΡΗ ΛΑΜΙΑ (1912) 010:25 
6 .- ΓΥΡΝΑ ΚΑΙ ΟΡΜΑ Ο ΜΕΝΕΛΑΟΣ (1912) 13:33 
7 .- ΑΠΟ ΞΕΝΑ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΙΑ (1912) 015:47 
8 .- ΣΠΕΡΜΑ ΤΗΣ ΧΑΜΚΩΣ (1912) 18:38 
9 .- Ο ΔΙΓΕΝΗΣ ΑΚΡΙΤΑΣ (1912) 23:54

Ο Ακρίτας είμαι, Χάροντα,
δέν περνώ μέ τά χρόνια,
Είμ' εγώ η ακατάλυτη ψυχή τών Σαλαμίνων,
στήν Εφτάλοφην έφερα το σπαθί τών Ελλήνων

A different video posting

"Μαγιοβότανα (Magic Herbs or Herbs of May) - a cycle of eight songs by MANOLIS KALOMIRIS on a set of poems by KOSTIS PALAMAS from a live concert in Tokyo, Japan, on April 30, 1987, with mezzo-soprano DAPHNE EVANGELATOS and the YOMIURI NIPPON SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA conducted by YOSHIKAZU TANAKA".

Also available: CD 0793

Manolis Kalomiris: Magic Herbs / Petros Petridis: Kleft Dances and Symphony No. 1
Tonkünstlerorchester (Vienna)
Miltiades Caridis, conductor
Daphne Evangelatos, mezzo-soprano
LYRA CD 0060, 1991

Wuthering Heights, Emily Bronte, BBC Radio 4, Ten Fifteen Minute Episodes

Wuthering Heights, adapted by Rachel Joyce, produced and directed by Tracey Neale

It sounds like a splendid production.

Wednesday, 16 May 2018

UNESCO Geoparks in Greece and Cyprus, 1st International Congress ; Vikos-Aoos UNESCO Global Geopark

From IBNA - The first International Congress of UNESCO Geoparks in Greece and Cyprus will be held in Athens on May 17-18.

Greece, Global Geoparks:

Vikos - Aoos UNESCO Global Geopark

Lesvos Island UNESCO Global Geopark

Sitia UNESCO Global Geopark


“Wonderful gorges, rock towers, rivers, stone bridges, traditional architecture and thermal baths”

Celebrating Earth Heritage

"Vikos - Aoos UNESCO Global Geopark is located in the region of Epirus, Ioannina, northwestern Greece. It occupies the NW part of the Pindus Mountain Range and is characterized by high rugged relief and an impressive landscape. It includes Mt. Smolikas (2,637 m asl), the 2nd highest mountain in Greece, and Mt. Tymfi (2,497 m asl), and the two spectacular gorges of Vikos and Aoos.

Vikos - Aoos UNESCO Global Geopark is made of deep sea sedimentary rocks that, 20 million years ago, due to the collision of African and Eurasian plates, were folded and faulted by the powerful compressive movements that prevailed in the Greek area. Part of the UNESCO Global Geopark is belonging to an ophiolitic complex. The masses of rocks of oceanic origin (ophiolites and accompanying sediments) are thrusted onto the sediments of the Pindos zone and which are in turn thrusted on the sediments of the Ionian Zone. The present-day landscape reveals a 2500-metre-high elevated karstic field, which was sometimes covered by glaciers during the Pleistocene. The alternating glacial and interglacial environments, and the geodynamic processes which created fast ascendant movements, combined with the tectonic – karstic phenomena, resulted in favorable conditions for intense erosion, giving the relief of the area its present form. On the other hand, the large amounts of water released have flown amid the discontinuities caused by the faults and have deeply carved the limestone blocks, creating deep gorges. These deep gorges reveal the stratigraphic column of rocks making up the geological structure and history of the area. Mt. Tymfi with its calcareous bedrock is associated with steep, rocky slopes and cliffs, deep gorges, glacial lakes, springs, streams and rivers with pure water. Evergreen shrubs, deciduous oak woods, sub-Mediterranean conifers and beech forests cover the area, whereas the higher altitude zone is characterized by Balkan pine woods, sub-alpine pastures, bare rocks and screes.

Sustaining local Communities

The UNESCO Global Geopark is located within the administrative boundaries of Konitsa and Zagori municipalities, in which 62 settlements or small towns are located. The territory also contains several traditional settlements and monuments dating back to the 14th - 19th centuries including monasteries, schools, churches, chapels and arched stone bridges.

Agriculture is taking place mainly at the rich soil of the plain of Konitsa, while forestry at the thick forests of the mountains of Zagori and Konitsa. Livestock keeping is taking place everywhere and a significant part of it is characterized by the traditional transhumance pattern.

Tourism is one of the main economic factors and several hotels and hostels as well as 3 popular mountain refuges exist in the area. Hiking, climbing, rafting, kayaking are the most popular recreational activities. The Pindus National park staff (70% of the UNESCO Global Geopark surface overlapped with the NP) and the Environmental Education Centre of Konitsa, having their base in the UNESCO Global Geopark, participate constantly in education activities. The 2 information centers and 5 open interpretive routes as well as the 2 Pindos National park information centers support the awareness of both locals and visitors. In addition, workshops, events and educational courses about the UNESCO Global Geopark values are organized for the locals and schools. The leading agency of the UNESCO Global Geopark, the Epirus Development Agency, is focusing on sustainable development of the rural areas, using the UNESCO Global Geopark as a model".

Tuesday, 15 May 2018

SOLOMOS, HYMN TO LIBERTY (DITHYRAMBICS TO LIBERTY), Translated by Charles Brinsley Sheridan, 1825

Rudyard Kipling did a better job!

We knew thee of old,
Oh, divinely restored,
By the light of thine eyes
And the light of thy Sword.

From the graves of our slain
Shall thy valour prevail
As we greet thee again —
Hail, Liberty! Hail! 

Long time didst thou dwell
Mid the peoples that mourn,
Awaiting some voice
That should bid thee return. 

Ah, slow broke that day
And no man dared call,
For the shadow of tyranny
Lay over all: 

And we saw thee sad-eyed,
The tears on thy cheeks
While thy raiment was dyed
In the blood of the Greeks. 

Yet, behold now thy sons
With impetuous breath
Go forth to the fight
Seeking Freedom or Death. 

From the graves of our slain
Shall thy valour prevail
As we greet thee again —
Hail, Liberty! Hail!

Dorset Life Articles Archive

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Greece: Non-EU visitors need international driving license to rent vehicles

From eKathimerini

Georgia: One last time over Georgia - drone photography, Amos Chapple

From The Guardian - Georgia, the country’s diverse landscapes from above, Amos Chapple

Monday, 14 May 2018

Greek Laments, Mirologia (μοιρολόγια, myriologues et lamentations), Fauriel, Chants Populaires de la Grèce Moderne, 1824

Claude-Charles Fauriel, 1824

From Discours Préliminaire (xxxviij -xlij):

A later extract (cx-cxiij):

translated by Charles Brinsley Sheridan, 1825:

Charles Brinsley Sheridan (1796-1843): "He interested himself in Greek affairs, and in 1824 he published a volume on the Greek Revolution, and in the following year a translation in verse of the Songs of Greece from the Romaic text".